Linoleum is made from natural products and requires more maintenance but is more environmentally friendly than vinyl flooring. Linoleum floors are available in a wider variety of colors. Vinyl is PVC-based, lasts longer, and is easier to install and maintain. Vinyl and linoleum are both resilient types of flooring, in that they have some degree of elasticity.
Linoleum is made from renewable materials. It was invented in the mid 1800s when an Englishman noticed a rubbery skin of solidified linseed oil in a can of paint. In addition to linseed oil, linoleum contains pine rosin, wood flour, ground cork dust, mineral fillers, and has a canvas or burlap backing. Dyes and pigments are added to create the color schemes. Linoleum is sold in sheets and tiles.
Vinyl flooring is made from sheets of vinyl, a synthetic product derived from petroleum and other chemicals, felt, fiberglass, and dyes. It can be manufactured in a wide variety of finishes. Sheet vinyl comes in large rolls, but vinyl is available in squares and planks to resemble tiles or hardwood.
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